Le Pogam C, Krief P, Beurlet S, Soulié A, Balitrand N, Cassinat B, Cavé H, Kosmider O, Setterblad N, Leboeuf C, Sarda-Mantel L, Hervatin F, Merlet P, Noguera ME, Janin A, Pla M, Fontenay M, Adès L, Fenaux P, Chomienne C, Padua RA, Omidvar N.
We have previously demonstrated that two prognostic features of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), mutant NRAS and over-expressing BCL-2, cooperate physically and functionally in vivo. Screening of MDS patient bone marrow (BM) identified NRAS:BCL-2 co-localization in 64% cases, correlating with percentage BM blasts, apoptotic features and disease status (p<0.0001). Localization of the complex at the plasma membrane or the mitochondria correlated with disease and apoptosis features in MDS patients, whilst caspase-9 mediated mechanism was elucidated in vivo and in vitro. The intensity and localization of the RAS:BCL-2 complex merits further evaluation as a novel biomarker of MDS.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23153525