Drevon L, Marceau A, Maarek O, Cuccuini W, Clappier E, Eclache V, Cluzeau T, Richez V, Berkaoui I, Dimicoli-Salazar S, Bidet A, Vial JP, Park S, Vieira Dos Santos C, Kaphan E, Berthon C, Stamatoullas A, Delhommeau F, Abermil N, Braun T, Sapena R, Lusina D, Renneville A, Adès L, Raynaud S, Fenaux P.
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with isolated trisomy 8: a type of MDS frequently associated with myeloproliferative features? A report by the Groupe Francophone des Myélodysplasies.
Br J Haematol. 2018 Sep;182(6):843-850. doi: 10.1111/bjh.15490. Epub 2018 Jul 13.
Isolated trisomy 8 (+8) is a frequent cytogenetic abnormality in the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), but its characteristics are poorly reported. We performed a retrospective study of 138 MDS patients with isolated +8, classified or reclassified as MDS (excluding MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasm). Myeloproliferative (MP) features were defined by the repeated presence of one of the following: white blood cell count >10 × 109 /l, myelemia (presence of circulating immature granulocytes with a predominance of more mature forms) >2%, palpable splenomegaly. Fifty-four patients (39·1%) had MP features: 28 at diagnosis, 26 were acquired during evolution. MP forms had more EZH2 (33·3% vs. 12·0% in non-MP, P = 0·047), ASXL1 (66·7% vs. 42·3%, P = 0·048) and STAG2 mutations (77·8% vs. 21·7%, P = 0·006). Median event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 25 and 27 months for patients with MP features at diagnosis, versus 28 (P = 0·15) and 39 months (P = 0·085) for those without MP features, respectively. Among the 57 patients who received hypomethylating agent (HMA), OS was lower in MP cases (13 months vs. 23 months in non-MP cases, P = 0.02). In conclusion, MP features are frequent in MDS with isolated +8. MP forms had more EZH2, ASXL1 and STAG2 mutations, responded poorly to HMA, and tended to have poorer survival than non-MP forms.