Wesner N, Drevon L, Guedon A, Fraison JB, Terrier B, Trad S, Kahn JE, Aouba A, Gillard J, Ponsoye M, Hanslik T, Gourguechon C, Liozon E, Laribi K, Rossignol J, Hermine O, Seksik P, Adès L, Carrat F, Fenaux P, Mekinian A, Fain O; On behalf GFM and MINHEMON (French Network of dysimmune disorders associated with hemopathies).
Leuk Lymphoma. 2018 Nov 20:1-7. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2018.1542152.
We report the 11 cases of +8-MDS/MPN associated with Behcet's-like syndrome and compare them with Behcet's disease and Crohn's disease, pool with literature cases for analysis. Data for patients with +8-MDS/MPN and Behçet's-like syndrome were collected from MINHEMON. Eleven patients had Behcet's-like syndrome and +8-MDS/MPN (median age 75 years [IQR 65-87]; M/F ratio 0.8). MDS and Behcet's-like syndrome were diagnosed at the same time (7/11, 64%). By comparison with 63 patients with idiopathic Behcet's disease without associated MDS, those with Behcet's-like syndrome and +8-MDS/MPN were older (median 75 vs 48 years; p = .0003) and had less pseudofolliculitis (11% vs 62%; p = .0045) and ocular impairment (0% vs 52%; p = .0008), but more frequent gastrointestinal involvement (60% vs 13%; p = .0005). By comparison with Crohn's disease, 39 patients with Behcet's-like syndrome and +8-MDS/MPN were significantly older (median 72 [53-78] vs 36 [27-45] years; p = .0002) and more frequently had oral aphtosis (97% vs 5%, p < .0001), skin features (50% vs 10%, p = .0005) and arthralgia (63% vs 20%, p = .03). Median survival did not differ between patients with Behcet's-like syndrome and +8-MDS/MPN and those with +8-MDS/MPN (n = 103) (47 vs 34 months, p = .61). AML-free survival did not differ between patients with MDS/MPN with and without Behcet's-like syndrome (p = .29). MDS/MPN with trisomy 8 can be associated with particular phenotype of ulcerative digestive disease resembling Behcet's or Crohn's disease and should be considered a single disease.